Inspection of materials
Before you start fitting please inspect the boards in daylight for any surface damage and other defects; it is also important to check whether the technical condition of the sub-floor and the room meets requirements.
In the case on of any reservations concerning the quality of material or sub-floor please stop work and call us. Once fitted the manufacturers guarantee is no longer valid.
- Ensure the sub-floor is dry, clean, firm & level.
- In square rooms lay the floor in the direction of incoming light. In rectangle rooms lay it length-wise.
- Avoid boards less than 60mm wide at the edges of your room (width not length) – measure width of room and divide by board widths, this will allow you to calculate what your last board width should be. If less than 60mm adjust the width of your first board laid to allow for a larger last board (avoid adjusting to under 60mm).
- Start fitting in the corner and lay from left to right.
- Start fitting with grooves towards the wall.
- Allow for expansion gaps every 10 metres and a 10mm gap around the perimeter of the room – this allows for natural shift as the seasons change.
- Lay rooms individually with expansion joints on thresholds.
All of the following must be stable and level:
- Elastic floor coverings
- Wooden floorings – if laying directly onto floor boards, run engineered flooring at 90 degrees to floor boards or over lay floor boards with 6mm ply board.
- Ceramic floorings
- Cement screeds – allow 2 weeks drying time for every cm thickness of cement – do not exceed moisture content of 1.5%.
- Anhydrites screeds – do not exceed moisture content of 0.3%.
- Soft sub floors such as fitted carpets must be removed.
Before laying the flooring on cement or anhydrite sub-floors it is necessary to make a damp-proof course using either a membrane or liquid primer.
Full adhesion method (our preferred method)
- We suggest using the services of a professional wood flooring fitter and that he follows carefully the manufacturers instructions for any primers and glues used.
- Ensure sufficient ventilation in the room and wear rubber protective gloves.
- Water-proof and/or Prime sub-floor and allow to dry for 24 hrs
- Glue should be applied and buttered on the sub-floor using a toothed spreader, gradually, in line with the floor laying progress. Lay the boards pressing them tightly to the sub-floor with the glue applied.
- Ensure the glue does not overflow to the boards’ surface.
- It is advisable to load the laid floor for 12 hours following installation. The laid flooring can be stepped on after 12 hours.
- The glue must cover at least 60-70% of board surface.
- Glue tongue and groove joints but click systems do not require it.
Floating Floor method
- We suggest using the services of a professional wood flooring fitter and that he follows carefully the manufacturers instructions for any primers used.
- Water-proof and/or Prime sub-floor and allow to dry for 24 hrs.
- Lay any underlays as required.
- For floor surfaces of over 100m² or side lengths of over 10 metres as well as passages between rooms must be separated with expansion joints/gaps.
- Start in the left had corner of the room and use an appropriately large wedge between the front edge of the board and the wall. Complete first row allowing sufficient expansion gap against the wall and wedge to hold in place. The last row should be completed in the same way and the end of all other rows.
- Start the next row using the off cut from the previous unless it is less than 40mm long. In this case start a new board. Slightly damaged board can be used in this circumstance by cutting the damage off and starting your row with it.
- Skirting boards should not be pressed to the floor tightly.
- It is necessary to leave at least 10-15mm distance from all fixed objects and walls.